## Main.Arrays History

1. summation

z = m.Var() m.Equation(z==sum([sum([x[i][j] for i in range(ni)]) for j in range(nj)]))

print('z') print(z.value)

#### Arrays in Python GEKKO

Multi-dimensional arrays are defined in Python GEKKO with the m.Array() function or with list comprehensions.

(:source lang=python:) from gekko import GEKKO

m = GEKKO()

ni = 3 # number of rows nj = 2 # number of columns

1. best method: use m.Array function

x = m.Array(m.Var,(ni,nj)) m.Equations([x[i][j]==i*j+1 for i in range(ni) for j in range(nj)])

1. another way: list comprehensions

y = [[m.Var() for j in range(nj)] for i in range(ni)] for i in range(ni):

     for j in range(nj):
m.Equation(x[i][j]**2==y[i][j])


m.solve()

print('x:') print(x) print('y=x**2:') print(y) (:sourceend:)

An additional example is a matrix summation where there are two indices of the parameter matrix p.

Changed lines 28-29 from:

to:

### Examples

Changed line 33 from:
 ! Summation with arrays

to:
 ! Method #1: Summation with arrays

Changed lines 59-60 from:
 ! Summation without arrays
Model array

to:
 ! Method #2: Summation with the sum object
Objects
z = sum(5)
End Objects

Connections
p[1:n] = z.x[1:n]
y = z.y
End Connections

Model
Constants
n = 5
End Constants

Changed lines 75-79 from:
     p = 1
p = 1
p = 1
p = 1
p = 1

to:
     p[1:n] = 1

     y

Deleted lines 82-89:
   Intermediates
z = p
z = z + p
z = z + p
z = z + p
z = z + p
End Intermediates

Changed line 84 from:
     sum = z

to:
     sum = y


(:cellnr:)

 ! Method #3: Summation without arrays
Model array
Parameters
p = 1
p = 1
p = 1
p = 1
p = 1
End Parameters

Variables
sum
End Variables

Intermediates
z = p
z = z + p
z = z + p
z = z + p
z = z + p
End Intermediates

Equations
sum = z
End Equations
End Model


(:tableend:)

(:table border=1 width=100% align=left bgcolor=#EEEEEE cellspacing=0:)

March 06, 2017, at 01:32 PM by 45.56.3.173 -
Changed line 9 from:

Arrays with more than one dimension are allowed. The array indices are separated by commas as in var[i,j,k...] or var[i][j][k]. For operations on matrices, the precedence of operations is determined by the number of colons separating the vector indices. Matrix elements with fewer colon separators are executed first. For example, a set of 24 intermediate variables posed as:

to:

Arrays with more than one dimension are allowed. The array indices are separated by brackets as var[i][j][k]. For operations on matrices, the precedence of operations is determined by the number of colons separating the vector indices. Matrix elements with fewer colon separators are executed first. For example, a set of 24 intermediate variables posed as:

March 28, 2016, at 02:33 PM by 45.56.3.173 -
Changed lines 2-3 from:

(:summation, array, vector, sum, matrix, algebraic, modeling language:) (:description Summation of vectors and matrices in APMonitor:)

to:

(:keywords summation, array, vector, sum, matrix, algebraic, modeling language:) (:description Summation of vectors and matrices in APMonitor :)

March 28, 2016, at 02:32 PM by 45.56.3.173 -

(:title APMonitor Summation with Vectors:) (:summation, array, vector, sum, matrix, algebraic, modeling language:) (:description Summation of vectors and matrices in APMonitor:)

March 28, 2016, at 02:30 PM by 45.56.3.173 -
June 16, 2015, at 06:46 PM by 45.56.3.184 -
June 16, 2015, at 06:46 PM by 45.56.3.184 -
Deleted lines 0-1:

## Arrays

Changed line 26 from:

(:table border=1 width=50% align=left bgcolor=#EEEEEE cellspacing=0:)

to:

(:table border=1 width=100% align=left bgcolor=#EEEEEE cellspacing=0:)

July 07, 2012, at 06:11 AM by 69.169.188.228 -
Changed lines 7-20 from:

Arrays with more than one dimension are allowed. The array indices are separated by commas as in var[i,j,k...].

to:

Arrays with more than one dimension are allowed. The array indices are separated by commas as in var[i,j,k...] or var[i][j][k]. For operations on matrices, the precedence of operations is determined by the number of colons separating the vector indices. Matrix elements with fewer colon separators are executed first. For example, a set of 24 intermediate variables posed as:

• x[1:2][1::3][1:::4] = 1

results in the following set of equations:

• x = 1
• x = 1
• x = 1
• x = 1
• x = 1
• x = 1
• x = 1
• etc...
July 07, 2012, at 06:05 AM by 69.169.188.228 -
   End Equations
End Model


(:cellnr:)

 ! Matrix Summation
Model
Parameters
p[1:10][1::5] = 1
End Parameters

Variables
x
End Variables

Intermediates
! sum the rows
n[1:5] = 0
n[1:10][1::5] = n[0:9][1::5] + p[1:10][1::5]
! sum the columns that are summation of rows
m = 0
m[1:5] = m[0:4] + n[1:5]
End Intermediates

Equations
! solution = 50
x = m

June 10, 2011, at 06:12 PM by 158.35.225.240 -
   Constants
n = 5
End Constants

Changed line 25 from:
     p[1:5] = 1

to:
     p[1:n] = 1

Changed line 34 from:
     z[2:5] = z[1:4] + p[2:5]

to:
     z[2:n] = z[1:n-1] + p[2:n]

Changed line 38 from:
     sum = z

to:
     sum = z[n]

November 01, 2008, at 10:46 PM by 98.199.241.177 -

### Higher dimensional arrays

Arrays with more than one dimension are allowed. The array indices are separated by commas as in var[i,j,k...].

September 26, 2008, at 07:36 PM by 158.35.225.231 -
September 26, 2008, at 07:32 PM by 158.35.225.231 -
Changed lines 3-7 from:

Variable or object arrays are defined by square brackets with a range of integers and separated by a colon. Arrays may be used to define multiple equations or operations on one line. Any line with an array is processed sequentially from the lowest to the highest index.

to:

Variable or object arrays are defined by square brackets with a range of integers and separated by a colon as variable[index 1:index 2]. Arrays may be used to define multiple equations or connections on one line. Any line with an array is processed sequentially from the lowest to the highest index. The model parser creates and processes the arrays as if they were written sequential in non-array form as shown in the example.

### Array Index Consistency

When processing the arrays, the parser checks for array size consistency. An error with an appropriate message is returned if the vector indeces are of different dimension.

September 26, 2008, at 07:28 PM by 158.35.225.231 -

(:table border=1 width=50% align=left bgcolor=#EEEEEE cellspacing=0:) (:cellnr:)

 ! Summation with arrays
Model array
Parameters
p[1:5] = 1
End Parameters

Variables
sum
End Variables

Intermediates
z = p
z[2:5] = z[1:4] + p[2:5]
End Intermediates

Equations
sum = z
End Equations
End Model


(:cellnr:)

 ! Summation without arrays
Model array
Parameters
p = 1
p = 1
p = 1
p = 1
p = 1
End Parameters

Variables
sum
End Variables

Intermediates
z = p
z = z + p
z = z + p
z = z + p
z = z + p
End Intermediates

Equations
sum = z
End Equations
End Model


(:tableend:)

September 26, 2008, at 07:20 PM by 158.35.225.231 -